Establishing a hemp company requires thorough knowledge of local, state, and federal rules and regulations. Particular procedures may and cannot be employed by the USDA when it comes to hemp goods, as well as a list of what each firm must be testing for. Because hemp is a phytoremediator, it is imperative that this testing occurs.
If hemp is being marketed as a consumable product, it will draw out everything in the soil, which is beneficial for the environment but not ideal. Many restrictions must be observed when it comes to smokable hemp to cultivate and sell this product.
If you want to carry out Terpene Profile Analysis correctly, these are the recommended practices:
When it comes to sourcing, producing, and evaluating food components, especially hemp-derived ones, it is critical to have a well-established and complete “paper trail.” US Hemp Authority, a trade certification association, suggests that records be kept for at least five years and contain information on the origin, variety, planting/harvesting, processing/analytical findings, and other pertinent information about the hemp seed. As we shall see in the next section, producers should always adhere to current reasonable manufacturing procedures (cGMPs).
The intricacy of cannabis’s phytochemicals necessitates an evaluation of the usual quantities of phytochemicals found in the hemp plants used to make CBD extracts. Knowing the source material’s moisture, protein, fat, fiber, and ash composition is crucial to picking an effective extraction process.
If you want to assure that the proper strain of Cannabis sativa is being used and that the raw material is avoiding botanical adulterants, identification tests should be employed. While TLC is most often used to detect cannabis, it may also be used to figure out a plant’s chemotype and identify any botanical contaminants that are not visible to the naked eye using macroscopic or microscopic examination techniques of the plant itself.
Extracts obtained from hemp need to be standardized because of the inherent variance in cannabis. To assure batch-to-batch uniformity for customers, manufacturers should describe the kind and amount of reference components in the extracts. You can blend multiple batches, refinement processes added to the manufacturing process, or harvest circumstances optimized to ensure elements are present within the defined range, all of which can help standardize a product.
Cannabidiol and a wide range of the most prevalent terpenoids should be considered reference compounds for CBD oil and other similar products. Sesquiterpenoids and monoterpenoids make up the majority of the essential oil extracted from fresh material, accounting for around 50 to 90% and 7 percent to 48%, respectively.
You can test CBD extracts for cannabinoids and other components using gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). However, AOAC International and the American Herbal Pharmacopeia (AHP) have issued “Standard Method Performance Requirements for Quantitation of Cannabinoids in Dried Plant Materials” in 2017 to explain analysis methods.
Hemp-derived ingredients must have complete and rigorous standards to ensure product safety, appropriateness, and quality. It is also critical to have a well-characterized material to demonstrate safety in usage since the composition of the hemp extract directly impacts toxicity and metabolic investigations. Many producers will probably need to do safety studies on their constituents because of the lack of publicly accessible information on genotoxicity, cytotoxicity, mutagenicity, acute and sub-acute toxicity, and other research on hemp-derived extracts due to the lack of specifics.
All raw ingredients and processing aids (i.e., solvents, flow agents, blending oils, and antioxidants) utilized in the production process must meet minimum criteria. Always use food-grade products that meet the relevant 21 CFR and Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) standards.
The product specification document should give a physical description of the product. You can use visual and organoleptic approaches to evaluate the material’s look, smell, and taste. Particle size, tap density, and viscosity are all factors that might provide light on the preparation process.
You should include the permitted ranges of the reference compounds (CBD, terpenes) in the material in this area of the product specification sheet.
When carrying out hemp testing, the above practices should guide you into carrying out the best approach possible. Considering the health of different people is on the line, there’s little room for errors.